Friday, September 4, 2020

Californias Cultural Evolution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Californias Cultural Evolution - Essay Example There are numerous written works romanticizing the extravagance of its development yet the reality remains that these social gatherings were trackers and finders with some previously having some similarity to farming information. At the point when the Spaniards accompanied their blades and their cross, the bow and bolt using locals had to become 'socialized' which represented adjusting and fitting their traditions and propensities as per European culture. The Native Americans who were vanquished before long became small scale Spaniards since they moved their convictions and customs to emulate those of the colonizers and above all, they exchanged their local tongue for Spanish words. Albeit numerous local gatherings which were disregarded continued their chasing and assembling direction, the majority of the occupants of California have become horticulturally situated particularly with the foundation of Ranchos. These regions were where steers and sheep were raised. It was allowed by the Spanish and Mexican systems to support settlement. The local creatures before long became significant fares, for example, dairy animals stows away and fat used to make candles and cleansers. In addition to the fact that they were influenced in language and method of means, they likewise encountered the strict change that had become the characteristic of Spanish provinces. This was because of the California Missions which saw the development strict stations of significant groups of Christian religion, for example, the Dominicans and the Jesuits. These missions were likewise the road through which European animals, organic products, vegetables and industry entered the California locale. From their old arrangement of animistic convictions, which others in the past would call as agnostic, the Native Americans became Christian basically in light of the fact that they had no real option except to employ to the interests of the colonizers who had prevalent arms. The Gold Rush Mexicans defied the Spanish norm just to be supplanted by Americans during the Mexican-American War in 1846. American mastery made ready for the event of occasions which would profoundly change the general public of California. Two years after the American triumph of California, gold was found at Sutter's Mill in the Sierra Nevada lower regions. The disclosure prompted an amazing occasion in California's history and is appropriately named as the Gold Rush. With the disclosure came a mass migration of diggers, dealers and brokers into the area. It was evaluated that in 1855, around 300,000 Forty-Niners or those wanting to get a bit of gold showed up in the locale. California saw an abrupt ascent in settlements particularly along San Francisco Bay. The essentialness of the Gold Rush was that it changed the in the past farming locale to a mining and benefit arranged society however horticulture was as yet an indispensable part. This had the impact of acquiring money to the area accordingly supporting a blast in foundations and improvements in lodging and training. The outsiders were in no way, shape or form uneducated and undeveloped. Actually, they were exceptionally talented and prepared in their calling. The workers had information as teamsters, draymen, lighter men, riggers, stevedores, dough punchers,

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Grapes Of Wrath/Sound And Fury Essays - Dust Bowl, U.S. Route 66

Grapes Of Wrath/Sound And Fury Since the beginning, many pulverizing financial, social, and ecological changes have happened making individuals rise and beat tremendous chances. During the 1930s, The Great Depression and the Dustbowl Disaster, a dry spell with awful residue storms transforming once-rich agrarian terrains of mid-America into virtual badlands, constrained a huge number of penniless ranchers to pack their families and possessions into their vehicles looking for farming work in focal California. Long stretches of debasement originating from the finish of subjection starting at the finish of the Civil War destructed the old southern refined families. These distinctive outer impacts sway on the characters is found in John Steinbecks tale, The Grapes of Wrath, and William Faulkners tale, The Sound and the Fury. Steinbeck delineates and advocates exceptional outside changes in the economy and way of life of the discouraged vagrants, as he follows the Joad family from Oklahoma to California. Faulkner portr ays the decay of the privileged south through the eyes of the Compson kids. The outer changes, The Great Depression and the Dustbowl, influenced the Joads monetarily and inwardly. By financial gauges the Joads were poor before the Dust Bowl. In any case, they accepted they had financial worth and significance by working their own 40 sections of land of land. Grampa took up the land, and he needed to execute the Indians and drive them away. Also, Pa was brought into the world here Then a terrible year came and he needed to obtain a minimal expenditure. A we was brought into the world here. What's more, Pa needed to acquire cash. The bank possessed the land at that point, yet we stayed and we got a tad of what we raised(Steinbeck 45). Losing the homestead, being driven away from their home in a pursuit of work, implied the loss of their social qualities. To the Joads, worth and life significance rest in working the land and this belief system of the past made their enthusiastic change in accordance with being a pondering, an Okie, much progressively troublesom e. The moving, questing individuals were transients now. Those families which had lived on a little real estate parcel, who had lived and passed on forty sections of land, had now the entire West to wander in. What's more, they hastened about, searching for work; and the thruways were surges of individuals, and the dump banks were lines of individuals. (Steinbeck 107) Searching for the sentiment of significance and having a place in the morals they were brought to accept up in, the Joads couldn't get significance from their current life significance. Some enthusiastic development of the family is indicated best by the character Ma. Mama encountered the best change from considering just keeping her close family together, tolerating that a messed up family won't have the option to achieve anything, to putting stock in a social more distant family. At night a weird thing occurred: twenty families became one family, the kids were the offspring of all the loss of home became one misfortune, and the brilliant time in the West was one dream. (Steinbeck 235) The Joad family through their excursion encountered the advantage of individuals joining to achieve objectives. Mama said all that needed to be said when she stated, Use'ta be fambly was fust. It ain't so now. It's anyone. More awful off we get the more we got the chance to do. (Steinbeck 305) Ma, communicating volunteerism, presents the change from considering ones self to being worried for mankind. One of the principle real factors of human presence is the consistent, continuous entry of time. The relentless unceasing power of time epitomizes the effects of the Civil War on the privileged of the south. In spite of the fact that the novel is for the most part about the inward clashes inside the family, the outer occasions of the timeframes impact can be seen through the character Quentin. Quentins fixation on the past, which brings about his fixation on the progression of time, is a focal subject of the Quentin area as well as of the whole book. This living in the past philosophy is the way to understanding what Faulkner is attempting to state about the rot of Southern culture and conventions. The watch ticked on. I turned the face up, the clear dial with little wheels clicking and clicking behind it. (Faulkner 80) Quentin can't stop time. Similarly as the rot of the southern culture can't

Friday, August 21, 2020

Reflective Assessment on Mathematics and Calculus

Intelligent Assessment on Mathematics and Calculus Relearning the analytics, relating it to reality Mela Aziza Foundation I have adored doing science since I was in grade school. Be that as it may, this inclination changed a smidgen when I was at optional school. My science educator requested that I retain numerous recipes and standards identified with cutting edge points without knowing when I can utilize those in my reality. I felt that a propelled theme was extremely difficult to learn in light of the fact that it was normally theoretical idea. Thus, an understudy like me would discover challenges how to make it concrete and associate it to this present reality. What's more, my science instructor just urged us to consider arithmetic hard so as to accomplish high scores in assessments. She seldom clarified about the utilization of science in our every day life. This circumstance made me less delighted in learning science. For instance, while I was learning analytics that I expected as a propelled subject, I didn't have the foggiest idea when I can utilize it in my life with the goal that I was not rou sed to learn it. At that point, I speculated math was futile. Analytics was just about examples, equations, and figurings without knowing why I expected to learn it. Subsequently, this experience has been motivating me by they way I should show my understudies later on. I would have liked to clarify and show my understudies about how incredible and helpful science can be. Lamentably, it was extremely elusive the association among science and day by day exercises, particularly for the math. My understudies were addressing when they could utilize math in their life. I got befuddled and couldn't offer the fitting response since I have not known the utilization of analytics that was pertinent to my understudies life. I encouraged analytics utilizing the comparative technique to my past arithmetic educator, settling any sort of math inquiries from my own course books utilizing the recipes or rules. Be that as it may, I am keen on investigating and building up the handiness of analytics in day by day life since I need to set up answers for my own past inquiry, when I can utilize it. Consequently, while finding the opportunity to take the creating subject information course, I was eager to concentrate on some math addresses utilizing genuine settings. Taking care of math issues I began my autonomous learning by taking care of the maximum box issue given by my own guide (see Appendix A). This issue about the paper which has side an, at that point I was told to make a container by cutting a square with side x from every one of the four corners. I need to discover the estimation of x with the goal that I can make the greatest box. I attempted to discover the x esteem for making the greatest box by doing some arithmetical conditions lastly, I acquired the example for finding the x esteem. Discovering the appropriate response allowed me a chance to relate it to the idea of separation. It was another thing for me and when I looked on the web, discovered it was mainstream in educating and learning arithmetic identified with the math point. Be that as it may, I didn't have the foggiest idea why I discovered Indonesian science instructors once in a while utilized this viable inquiry while showing the idea of separation. Next, I moved to how to present the primary rule of separation, f'(x), from work f(x). I began by drawing a diagram of the capacity, at that point defined slope of two nearby focuses utilizing the angle of a straight line and cutoff idea (see Appendix B). At last, I found that the main subsidiary equivalents with the inclinations of a point from the capacity. At that point, I attempted comparable computations for some various capacities, lastly, I set up the example of the primary subordinate. While doing this, I was figuring which I should show first, angle or separation, so as to cause understudies to comprehend where the main subordinate comes. Besides, an observable point for me by taking care of this issue, I knew that as an educator I can show arithmetic through utilizing algorithmic/logarithmic/logical/ascertaining, visual (picture/diagram), and inductive (design) thinking. For instance, when finding the greatest estimation of the capacity, I gained a similar answer by utilizi ng two unique techniques, charting and figuring. Also, I investigated how to draw the chart of the principal subordinates of various capacities by utilizing inclination idea (see Appendix C). I drew both normal and exceptional capacities. I felt those were intriguing and testing since I could make the chart of the first and the second subsidiary just by taking a gander at the diagram of the first capacity. Nonetheless, when I need to locate the principal subordinate capacity, I need to compute utilizing a logarithmic strategy. Despite the fact that I was unable to get straightforwardly what the capacity of the main subordinate f(x) through drawing, I could separate when the capacity arrived at most extreme worth, (when f (x) f (x) > 0), and neither greatest nor least worth (when f (x) = 0), for example, f(x)= x3-6x2+12x-5 having an expression point (see Figure 1). I likewise attempted to discover the inclination of unprecedented capacities, for example, a flat out capacity (f(x)=|x|) by plotting the diagram physically and checking it utilizing programming GSP (The Geometers Sketchpad), at that point I found that there was a point on the |x|function that can't be separated (non-differentiable point) that was when x = 0, yet for different focuses, those were differentiable (see Figure 2). Besides, I investigated six regular mix-ups (Cipra, 2013) that understudies made in doing analytics identified with how they tackle some standard issues and comprehend an idea of finding the region of capacity by fundamental idea (see Appendix D). The understudies generally simply determined the zone utilizing equation without drawing the capacity so that sometimes they found a negative territory. The territory will be rarely negative. The understudies should realize that the territory above x-pivot will be sure on the grounds that y-hub esteems are constantly positive while the zone underneath x-hub will be negative due to y-hub negative qualities (Stewart, 2016). Consequently, understudies need to increase the region of capacity underneath x-pivot with negative (- ) for turning into a positive zone. Reflection During this course, I relearned math idea by taking care of certain issues. I felt back a feeling of doing science when tackling the issues both everyday practice and genuine issues. This sense made me eager to discover the answers for each issue that I confronted. I became mindful that theoretical ideas can't be isolated from analytics. Albeit routine issues are normally unique, understudies will have the option to become familiar with the significance of image ideas in math through tackling these issues. I likewise attempted to interface math by taking care of some genuine issues which utilize genuine settings and can be envisioned as day by day encounters (Gravemeijer Doorman, 1999), for example, the maximum box issue that can be associated with a producer. In the wake of doing some genuine issues, I concur that these issues ought to be educated in the study hall (Gainsburg, 2008). Instructors can utilize these issues to upgrade understudies inspiration and to create thinking just as critical thinking abilities of understudies in learning arithmetic (Karakoã § Alacacã„â ±, 2015). Along these lines, the educators will have the option to cause science to turn out to be increasingly significant for their understudies through genuine issues. Then again, I think not all genuine issues are practicable for understudies in light of the fact that the issues don't identify with their life legitimately. I have done a few issues from certain sites and a reading material of analytics (SMP, 1973), yet not all issues were applicable to a genuine setting and could be fathomed. I experienced there was an issue when a few realities are deserted so as to cause understudies to comprehend the inquiry without any problem. A difficult which is pertinent to one understudies life may not be applicable for other people. In this way, instructors should check the viability of the issues by asking understudies first (Burkhardt, 1981), and afterward they will see the great issues that can be utilized later on. Likewise, analytics is propelled information for most understudies since they think that its hard to concretise so that once in a while it ought to stay conceptual (Wilensky, 1991). Moreover, educators need to consider when they give the un derstudies genuine issues. They can't give them these issues for each gathering since they likewise ought to give chances to understudies to learning all math ideas, both concrete and conceptual. Therefore, most instructors accepted the idea of arithmetic point and the time may become impediments for associating it to this present reality (Karakoã § Alacacã„â ±, 2015). Instructors can spur understudies to think inductively in learning science. They may include understudies to locate the principal subsidiary example by utilizing the slope of a straight line and breaking point idea. They ought not give an example f'(xn) =nxn-1 straightforwardly to understudies while presenting separation, however they request that understudies build up the principal subordinate example by their own self. Moreover, I found that instructors can utilize an incline of zero (f'(x)=0) for making sense of what is the most extreme or least estimation of the capacity rapidly. In any case, educators additionally need to request that understudies check the diagram or the second subsidiary of the capacity to locate the specific classification of the x esteem (most extreme, least, or emphasis point). Consequently, as a science educator, I ought to consider a few factors before choosing a powerful instructing strategy that urges my understudies to comprehend math ideas without any problem. I accepted that utilizing innovation can comprehend analytics for understudies. I considered utilizing GSP while educating to draw a chart of the capacity and to look nearer whether the capacity can be separated for each point. Besides, I feel that science educators might have the option to investigate any sort of analytics inquiries on sites such as and which I state as assets for discovering genuine arithmetic issues utilizing the Engli

Historically speaking Essay

Globalization is one of the latest wonders ever to strike humankind upon its passageway to the 21st century. Truly, globalization itself has been around for a considerable length of time some time before it was imagined as a field of investigation of universal exchange. A few financial analysts and history specialists battle that the ideas of globalization have been pervasive in any event, during time when the Silk Road began in China up to the Roman Empire. A few, in any case, contend that globalization started during the nineteenth century; when the predominance of the Industrial Age was at its quickest and that exchange between Europe, their states and the Americas were developing consistently. Significant advances in innovation, particularly during the twentieth century, in the end drove nations to bring down exchanging costs; subsequently, featuring the certainty of the extension of exchange inside the International Community. In any case, globalization, as a term, was never utilized by financial experts; in any event not until the mid 1980’s. Moreover, every one of its ideas and thoughts were never actually completely comprehended by the scholarly network until the mid 1990’s. Luckily, following seven years into the 21st century, a great part of the world is as of now mindful of its unique circumstances and perspectives †from re-appropriating to money exchanging through remote applications. All things considered, regardless of our insight into globalization, we can't deny the way that we think less about its suggestions for what's to come. Globalization, as a field of study, is an unstable subject that, even with the help of true information and data, is eventually eccentric. In spite of the presence of a heap of books, diaries and articles relating to the subject of Globalization, we can't deny that we presently can't seem to completely comprehend its future patterns. For sure, a significant progression brought by complex innovation can at last change, by and by, the substance of the International Community; accordingly, influencing universal exchange and eventually influencing the â€Å"globalization† of the world. On a further note, underdeveloped nations that would in the end become first world nations later on may wind up moving the universal parity of exchange and business for first world nations. Accordingly, it is extremely enticing to envision what the International Community would resemble if, for some little possibility, the African Continent blasts like Asia. In the event that such an occasion happens, will globalization be the reason for it? On the other hand, will globalization even permit such an occasion to happen? Individuals who are against the headways of globalization contend that globalization just advantages the rich north and hindrances the poor south. This is clear from the way that nations in the northern half of the globe will in general play in a neo-settler style among the nations in the southern side of the equator. Against globalization developments demand that the pervasiveness of globalization just methods the commonness of worldwide enterprises (MNC’s). They battle that these partnerships, while giving work to the neighborhood populace, just energize more neediness in the nation. Global partnerships, after entering a nation, promptly wipes out nearby contenders; along these lines, obliterating the level of influence among neighborhood and remote. All things considered, the nation gets subject to the impact of remote nations that initially holds these worldwide companies. This naturally turns into a kind of influence for remote nations (which are, more often than not, rich nations originating from the north) against the nation holding their MNC’s. Then again, individuals that are for the headways of globalization contends that facilitated commerce †the principle apparatus of globalization †supports more development for creating economies contrasted with protectionism. Principally, globalization permits a few nations access to a few products and enterprises that they would never create or copy from different nations. Moreover, they battle that globalization empowers rivalry among nearby and outside organizations. In spite of the fact that uncalled for now and again, supporters of globalization guarantee that empowering rivalry permits private companies to develop, to turn out to be increasingly effective and to turn out to be progressively flexible. The contentions of the two sides are really sound. In reality, globalization, as an idea, is considered by numerous individuals as a twofold edged blade †however profiting the client, it can, if reckless enough, hurt him/her also. Globalization has numerous features. Accordingly, it has numerous ramifications †some we know about and some aren’t. Yet, as indicated by one researcher, Thomas Friedman, globalization has one significant ramifications that has been extremely pervasive over the recent years however has as of late picked up consideration. In 2005, Thomas Friedman †a writer of Foreign Affairs and the New York Times †distributed a book entitled The World is Flat. As per Mr. Friedman, the world is decreasing and that the opposition between nations in various pieces of the world is turning out to be or â€Å"being leveled†. One model that he noted was that the economies of India and China, two rising monetary superpowers in the eastern half of the globe, are presently turning out to be so turning out to be progressed to such an extent that they would now be able to rival the financial powerhouses of the west. He further asserted that, amusingly, a great part of the west, most particularly the Americans, weren’t prepared for such situations developing. In reality, the startling blasts of India and China have made the Asian landmass an appealing spot for remote venture. Another significant point is that both countries’ tremendous populaces have assumed an indispensable job in the work advertise †both in difficult work (I. e. assembling) and expert work (I. e. data innovation). Not exclusively do these two nations eclipse the United States as far as modest work, yet they likewise exceed the American populace as far as proficiency and efficiency. Basically stated, bosses are getting a similar degree of profitability and proficiency from both Chinese and Indian laborers, yet at a lower cost. This, as indicated by researchers, has demonstrated inconvenient to Americans. In addition to the fact that this threatens the work of future American specialists, yet it additionally undermines the economy of the United States on the since quite a while ago run. In that capacity, how might one shield himself from such negative progressions to one’s own nation? On an increasingly broad level, by what method can the people shield itself from such a savage rivalry? As an American Citizen and as a prospective expert entering the universe of serious work, I can for sure think of a few responses to that question. Initially, as a nation, the United States must make immense speculations on instruction. Improving the workforce of the nation is basic on the off chance that we are to confront remote rivalry. One significant thing that we can place into thought is the presentation of language classes in our scholarly framework. Learning the language of outside nations can most likely make our general workforce an apparently wise speculation for remote organizations. One more note is the presentation of new laws which will, somehow or another, demoralize youthful understudies from dropping out of school. A case of these laws is the denial of giving driver’s licenses to teenagers who have dropped out of school for no specific explanation. Thusly, the general workforce of the nation will stay productive and profoundly taught. Regardless of the quick developments of China and India, it can't be prevented that much from securing their populace stays underneath the neediness line. All things considered, this issue turns into a channel on their economy (for the straightforward explanation that the legislature needs to ceaselessly spend gigantic wholes of cash on hostile to neediness programs and such). Incidentally, this could play both a tremendous hindrance and a preferred position simultaneously for the United States. For one, since individuals live in poor conditions, organizations can exploit them by paying them low pay rates; which, for the populace, could appear to be extremely high. Then again, the great day to day environments of the American populace can infer the interest for lucrative employments; which, obviously, partnerships would not like. On the other hand, this could likewise fill in as a bit of leeway for the United States since the American workforce †contrasted with the modest yet devastated people of India and China †are progressively effective and instructed; accordingly, suggesting greater profitability and development for the organization. Training is a certain something. In any case, as an individual who’s going to go into the serious universe of business, how might I set myself up against the serious idea of remote laborers that will in all likelihood result?

Saturday, July 11, 2020

Creating Your Own Online Presentation

Creating Your Own Online PresentationNowadays, even online presentation is not an art, but a business tool to convince a potential client or a buyers to purchase. There are many people who may not know that they need an online presentation in order to get through a sales deal.An online presentation will play a great role in your business. It will also be the foundation to boost your business to be at the top in the market. The right presentation could mean the success of your business.Presentations will be vital in any business. You can't just sell a product in an online site or a store without proper presentation. If you have the best presentation, then there will be no more having difficulties to persuade anyone on selling your product or service.However, if you do not know how to create an online presentation, then you need to learn it. As a matter of fact, you have a chance to start your career as a professional with this task. It is also important for you to know the tricks of t he trade when it comes to creating a professional presentation. Most of the people that work in this field are experienced and know what will work well for the business.But, how do you begin? You can start by creating a presentation manual or resource box. A resource box will be filled with all the important information about your company that you want to make sure that your potential clients or buyers will need to get through your presentation.In addition, your presentation should be full of real life examples. Remember that your goal is to create the best presentation. When creating an online presentation, it is important to use examples that the potential clients will understand and remember about your product or service.An essential tool in creating your presentation is the design outline. The design outline will guide you to follow and create the proper outline of your presentation. The outline should contain everything about your presentation including the title, objective, st arting point, scope, introduction, as well as the end of the presentation.By using real life examples, the audience will easily follow what you are talking about and you will get them interested about what you are offering. This is why it is so important for you to know how to create an online presentation.

Wednesday, June 24, 2020

Apple Leadership Report Coursework - 825 Words

Apple Leadership Report Coursework (Coursework Sample) Content: Apple computer leadership report Professors nameIntroductionThe late Steve Jobs was the founder of Apple and a co-founder of Pixar. He was an American entrepreneur and innovator who through his company Apple, led a revolution in personal computers and consumer electronics. Steve Jobs faced a number of challenges early in his career but through his leadership grew his influence in the field of computing. Steve Jobsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬ life has been described as a success story, and this report will seek to elaborate on Jobsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬ leadership style, challenges and what can be learned from his life.The leadership style of Steve JobsSteve Jobs was a transformational leader. Transformative leaders create a vision through anticipating the need for change and inspiring others to work in tandem with them in order to execute that change. Numerous events in Jobsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬ life point towards his transformative leadership style. Jobs has frequently been described as an innovator. J ob was always at the forefront of what future products Apple computing could make. Jobs would fully involve himself in all processes in launching a product including design and manufacturing and fully integrated himself with all teams within Apple Computing in order to chart his vision (Steinwart and Ziegler, 2014). When Jobs was ousted from the company, it went into decline due to lack of a sense of direction. When Jobs came back as the interim CEO of Apple, the company was soon making profits. Rehiring Jobs was a step forward from previous losses when he was not running the company.How Steve Jobsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬ vision and values were reflected in his leadership styleJobs was a visionary leader in that he came up with product ideas and saw them through to completion with much success. One of Jobs key visions was in designing products that were user-friendly. With that design principle in mind, Jobs worked closely with designers within Apple to develop products that the mass market coul d readily consume without much difficulty. The launch of the iPod heralded a revolution in the music content delivery system. Apple's success compared to earlier efforts by other companies can be attributed to how user-friendly and attractive the iPod was. Another essential element of Jobs vision was in coming up with products that were game changers. This can be seen illustrated by the iPad. The iPad was a huge success in combining a phone and a computer. Now the iPadà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s base design has been replicated by numerous manufacturers in their tablet products.Initial challenges in starting AppleThe early years of Apple Computing were not without challenges. One problem faced by Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs was in securing start-up capital for their Apple venture. Jobs initial strategy to counter this was to obtain their start-up funds through the sales of their assets. After selling Apple 1, Apple 2 was financed through sales proceeds from Apple 1. Another significant challeng e Jobs faced early in Apple computerà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s life was declining sales of their computers due to increased market competition in the Personal Computing market. Jobs strategy to this was Apple to come up with a game-changing product. Jobs led the release of the Apple Macintosh, the first personal computer to have a graphical user interface controlled by a mouse. This approach boosted sales for the company for many years to come.Drivers for change in the Personal Computer industryOne of the primary reasons the personal computing industry has changed so much is globalization (Dedrick and Kraemer 2008). The Personal Computer industry consists of a wide network of supplies and manufacturers of different computer systems and components. Through efficiency in communication and transportation, the computer industry has been able to reach millions of customers globally with worldwide sales reaching billions of dollars. Another driver for change in personal computing is the trade secret protection. Many companies in the computing industry innovate and patent products and proceed to license the manufacturing of their innovations to other firms. Innovation has helped companies recoup their investment in research and development in order to fund more research. Patenting has also encouraged companies to innovate products in order to earn money through lucrative licenses or sale of patents.How Steve Jobs used partnerships and collaborationMuch of Steve Jobsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬ success lies in his partnership and collaboration with others. One of his earliest collaborations was with Appleà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s co-founder, Steve Wozniak. Jobs forged a friendship with the much older Wozniak a recognized his technical brilli...